Old Low German (Old Saxon) language


Group Germanic (with Old English, Old Norse, Gothic etc.), West Germanic (with Old High German etc.)
Geography Northern Germany (Saxony), Low Lands
History In the first centuries of the new era Saxon tribes inhabited Northern Germany and south of the jutland peninsula. The demographic explosion in the 3-4th centuries forced some of them to seek better lands to settle - and in the 5th century the waves of Saxons together with other North Germanic tribes invade Britain, giving birth to the Old English language.
Saxony was a pagan country, and millions of people were killed here during the christianisation inthe 9th century by Charles the Great. After that, the influence of more developed south caused the decline of the Old Saxon language, which from the13th century is called Low German or Low Saxon.
Phonetics Its main difference from the Old High German language is the absence of the '2nd consonant shift' which took place in High German. This means that voiceless stops remained as they were (tunga, makn, bk vs. Old High German zunga, mahhn, buoch). The nasal consonants were dropped lengthening the preceding vowel (thar, ff vs. Old High German andar, finf). 
Nominal Morphology The morphology of Old Saxon looks much like Old English. Among West Germanic languages, Old Saxon seems rather progressive - it did not make a distinction between genders in nominative singular. The personal pronouns lost their -r at the end (a rather strange feature); the 3rd person of those pronouns acquired a form he (perhaps, from Old Norse)
Verbal Morphology All persons of the verb in the plural had the same ending in the Present and Past tenses; this was a distinguishing feature of Old Saxon. 
Lexicon After Saxons fell under the influence of Germany, a great lot of words were acquired from the Old High German dialects (including Frankish). The original vocabulary is very close to Old English and Old Frisian.
Writing Latin alphabet
Close Contacts Old English, Old Frisian, Old High German; Old Saxon influenced Swedish and Danish tongues very much.
Sample fadar sa firiho barno, 
thu bist an them hhon himila, rkea 
geuuhid s thn namo uuordo gehuuilico 
cuma thn craftag rki
uuera thn uuilleo obar thesa uuerold alla
s sama an ero s thar uppa ist
an them hhon himilo rkea
gef s dago gehuuilikes rd drohtin the gdo
thna hlaga helpa endi alt s hebenes uuard
managoro mnsculdio al s uue rum mannum dan
ne lt s farldean la uuihti
s for an iro uuilleon s uui uuirige sind
ac help s uuiar allun ubilon ddiun.

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. (Heliand 840)

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